PURPOSE: To compare tunnelled scleral intravitreal injection with straight scleral intravitreal injection concerning short-term intraocular pressure (IOP) changes, occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux, and patient discomfort. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly allocated to two groups (tunnelled intravitreal injection and straight intravitreal injection). IOP was measured before and directly (<1 minute) after the injection of 0.05 mL of an antivascular endothelial growth factor agent and then every 5 minutes until IOP was <30 mmHg. Occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux were recorded. Patient discomfort during injection was assessed with a Wong-Baker faces pain rating scale. RESULTS: IOP (mmHg +/- SD) increased significantly directly after injection to 35.97 +/- 8.13 (tunnelled intravitreal injection) and 30.19 +/- 12.14 (straight intravitreal injection). These pressure spikes differed significantly between both groups (P = 0.01, mean difference: -7.11). Five minutes after injection, there was no significant difference in IOP increase between the groups. All IOP measurements were <30 mmHg after 15 minutes. Occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux were significantly higher with straight intravitreal injection. There was no significant difference in Wong-Baker faces pain rating scale score between both groups. CONCLUSION: Tunnelled intravitreal injection seems to be the technique of choice for low-volume intravitreal injection (0.05 mL). There is neither a difference in patient discomfort nor a difference in IOP increase 5 minutes after injection between both groups. Significantly less vitreous reflux with tunnelled intravitreal injection should lead to less postinjectional drug loss.