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Effect of 7-ketocholesterol incorporation on substrate binding affinity and turnover rate of the organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2)


Xiu, Fangrui; Console, Lara; Indiveri, Cesare; Su, Shanshan; Wang, Tong; Visentin, Michele (2024). Effect of 7-ketocholesterol incorporation on substrate binding affinity and turnover rate of the organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2). Biochemical Pharmacology, 220:116017.

Abstract

The organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) is pivotal in the renal elimination of several positively charged molecules. OCT2 mode of transport is profoundly influenced by the level of membrane cholesterol. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oxidized cholesterol on OCT2 transport activity in human embryonic kidney 293 cells stably transfected with OCT2 (OCT2-HEK293) and in primary renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTEC). Cholesterol was exchanged with 7-ketocholesterol, the main product of cholesterol auto-oxidation, by exposing cells to sterol-saturated methyl-β-cyclodextrin (mβcd). After a 30 min-exposure, approximately 50% of the endogenous cholesterol was replaced by 7-ketocholesterol without significant changes in total sterol level. In the presence of 7-ketocholesterol, [3H]1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) uptake was significantly reduced in both cell lines. 7-ketocholesterol incorporation did not affect lipid raft integrity, nor OCT2 surface expression and spatial organization. The inhibitory effect of 7-ketocholesterol on MPP+ uptake was abolished by the presence of MPP+ in the trans-compartment. In the presence of 7-ketocholesterol, both Kt and Vmax of MPP+ influx decreased. Molecular docking using OCT2 structure in outward occluded conformation showed overlapping poses and similar binding energies between cholesterol and 7-ketocholesterol. The thermal stability of OCT2 was not changed when cholesterol was replaced with 7-ketocholesterol. We conclude that 7-ketocholesterol confers a higher rigidity to the carrier by reducing its conformational entropy, arguably as a result of changes in plasma membrane physical properties, thereby facilitating the achievement of a higher affinity state at the expense of the mobility and overall cycling rate of the transporter.

Abstract

The organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) is pivotal in the renal elimination of several positively charged molecules. OCT2 mode of transport is profoundly influenced by the level of membrane cholesterol. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oxidized cholesterol on OCT2 transport activity in human embryonic kidney 293 cells stably transfected with OCT2 (OCT2-HEK293) and in primary renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTEC). Cholesterol was exchanged with 7-ketocholesterol, the main product of cholesterol auto-oxidation, by exposing cells to sterol-saturated methyl-β-cyclodextrin (mβcd). After a 30 min-exposure, approximately 50% of the endogenous cholesterol was replaced by 7-ketocholesterol without significant changes in total sterol level. In the presence of 7-ketocholesterol, [3H]1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) uptake was significantly reduced in both cell lines. 7-ketocholesterol incorporation did not affect lipid raft integrity, nor OCT2 surface expression and spatial organization. The inhibitory effect of 7-ketocholesterol on MPP+ uptake was abolished by the presence of MPP+ in the trans-compartment. In the presence of 7-ketocholesterol, both Kt and Vmax of MPP+ influx decreased. Molecular docking using OCT2 structure in outward occluded conformation showed overlapping poses and similar binding energies between cholesterol and 7-ketocholesterol. The thermal stability of OCT2 was not changed when cholesterol was replaced with 7-ketocholesterol. We conclude that 7-ketocholesterol confers a higher rigidity to the carrier by reducing its conformational entropy, arguably as a result of changes in plasma membrane physical properties, thereby facilitating the achievement of a higher affinity state at the expense of the mobility and overall cycling rate of the transporter.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pharmacology, Biochemistry
Language:English
Date:February 2024
Deposited On:09 Jan 2024 11:08
Last Modified:30 Jun 2024 01:36
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-2952
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcp.2023.116017
PubMed ID:38176620
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)