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Decreased Physical Activity and Prolonged Sitting Time Are Associated With Liver Steatosis in People With HIV


Riebensahm, Carlotta; Berzigotti, Annalisa; Surial, Bernard; Haerry, David; Günthard, Huldrych F; Tarr, Philip E; Furrer, Hansjakob; Rauch, Andri; Wandeler, Gilles; Swiss HIV Cohort Study (2024). Decreased Physical Activity and Prolonged Sitting Time Are Associated With Liver Steatosis in People With HIV. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 95(2):179-184.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) regulates intrahepatic storage of fat and reduces the risk of liver steatosis. Given our limited understanding of the pathogenesis of metabolic complications in people with HIV (PWH), it remains unclear whether evidence from the general population can be extrapolated to PWH. We investigated the association between PA and liver steatosis in a single site of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study.

METHODS: We screened consecutive Swiss HIV Cohort Study participants using vibration-controlled transient elastography and defined liver steatosis as controlled attenuation parameter ≥248 dB/m. PA was measured using the International PA Questionnaire. We evaluated the association of 3 different measures of PA with liver steatosis in separate multivariable logistic regression models.

RESULTS: Of 466 participants, 127 (27.3%) were female, median age was 52 years (interquartile range 43-59), and 244 (52.4%) were overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥25 kg/m 2 ). Liver steatosis was present in 235 (50.4%) individuals. In multivariable analysis, PA below the recommendations of the European Association for the Study of the Liver was associated with steatosis (adjusted odds ratio, 2.34; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.44 to 3.85). Using alternative scales of PA, including metabolic equivalents task minutes (min) per week (adjusted odds ratio 0.76, 95% CI: 0.60 to 0.94) and sitting hours per day (aOR, 1.16; 1.07 to 1.26), yielded comparable results, and associations were similar when we restricted the analyses to lean (BMI <25 kg/m 2 ) subjects.

CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient PA and prolonged sitting time were associated with liver steatosis among PWH, independent of BMI. Our results support the importance of promoting PA to prevent liver steatosis in PWH.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) regulates intrahepatic storage of fat and reduces the risk of liver steatosis. Given our limited understanding of the pathogenesis of metabolic complications in people with HIV (PWH), it remains unclear whether evidence from the general population can be extrapolated to PWH. We investigated the association between PA and liver steatosis in a single site of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study.

METHODS: We screened consecutive Swiss HIV Cohort Study participants using vibration-controlled transient elastography and defined liver steatosis as controlled attenuation parameter ≥248 dB/m. PA was measured using the International PA Questionnaire. We evaluated the association of 3 different measures of PA with liver steatosis in separate multivariable logistic regression models.

RESULTS: Of 466 participants, 127 (27.3%) were female, median age was 52 years (interquartile range 43-59), and 244 (52.4%) were overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥25 kg/m 2 ). Liver steatosis was present in 235 (50.4%) individuals. In multivariable analysis, PA below the recommendations of the European Association for the Study of the Liver was associated with steatosis (adjusted odds ratio, 2.34; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.44 to 3.85). Using alternative scales of PA, including metabolic equivalents task minutes (min) per week (adjusted odds ratio 0.76, 95% CI: 0.60 to 0.94) and sitting hours per day (aOR, 1.16; 1.07 to 1.26), yielded comparable results, and associations were similar when we restricted the analyses to lean (BMI <25 kg/m 2 ) subjects.

CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient PA and prolonged sitting time were associated with liver steatosis among PWH, independent of BMI. Our results support the importance of promoting PA to prevent liver steatosis in PWH.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Brief Report: Decreased Physical Activity and Prolonged Sitting Time Are Associated With Liver Steatosis in People With HIV
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 February 2024
Deposited On:15 Jan 2024 14:54
Last Modified:30 Jun 2024 01:37
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:1525-4135
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000003328
PubMed ID:37988659
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)