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Structurally Simple Osmium(II) Polypyridyl Complexes as Photosensitizers for Photodynamic Therapy in the Near Infrared**


Mani, Asma; Feng, Tao; Gandioso, Albert; Vinck, Robin; Notaro, Anna; Gourdon, Lisa; Burckel, Pierre; Saubaméa, Bruno; Blacque, Olivier; Cariou, Kevin; Belgaied, Jamel‐Eddine; Chao, Hui; Gasser, Gilles (2023). Structurally Simple Osmium(II) Polypyridyl Complexes as Photosensitizers for Photodynamic Therapy in the Near Infrared**. Angewandte Chemie Internationale Edition, 62(20):e202218347.

Abstract

Five osmium(II) polypyridyl complexes of the general formula [Os(4,7‐diphenyl‐1,10‐phenanthroline)$_{2}$L]$^{2+}$ were synthesized as photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy by varying the nature of the ligand L. Thanks to the pronounced π‐extended structure of the ligands and the heavy atom effect provided by the osmium center, these complexes exhibit a high absorption in the near‐infrared (NIR) region (up to 740 nm), unlike related ruthenium complexes. This led to a promising phototoxicity in vitro against cancer cells cultured as 2D cell layers but also in multicellular tumor spheroids upon irradiation at 740 nm. The complex [Os(4,7‐diphenyl‐1,10‐phenanthroline)$_{2}$(2,2′‐bipyridine)]$^{2+}$ was found to be the most efficient against various cancer cell lines, with high phototoxicity indexes. Experiments on CT26 tumor‐bearing BALB/c mice also indicate that the Os$^{II}$ complexes could significantly reduce tumor growth following 740 nm laser irradiation. The high phototoxicity in the biological window of this structurally simple complex makes it a promising photosensitizer for cancer treatment.

Abstract

Five osmium(II) polypyridyl complexes of the general formula [Os(4,7‐diphenyl‐1,10‐phenanthroline)$_{2}$L]$^{2+}$ were synthesized as photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy by varying the nature of the ligand L. Thanks to the pronounced π‐extended structure of the ligands and the heavy atom effect provided by the osmium center, these complexes exhibit a high absorption in the near‐infrared (NIR) region (up to 740 nm), unlike related ruthenium complexes. This led to a promising phototoxicity in vitro against cancer cells cultured as 2D cell layers but also in multicellular tumor spheroids upon irradiation at 740 nm. The complex [Os(4,7‐diphenyl‐1,10‐phenanthroline)$_{2}$(2,2′‐bipyridine)]$^{2+}$ was found to be the most efficient against various cancer cell lines, with high phototoxicity indexes. Experiments on CT26 tumor‐bearing BALB/c mice also indicate that the Os$^{II}$ complexes could significantly reduce tumor growth following 740 nm laser irradiation. The high phototoxicity in the biological window of this structurally simple complex makes it a promising photosensitizer for cancer treatment.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Catalysis
Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Chemistry, Catalysis
Language:English
Date:8 May 2023
Deposited On:19 Jan 2024 14:57
Last Modified:30 Jun 2024 01:37
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag
ISSN:1433-7851
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202218347
PubMed ID:36917074
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)