Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Cooperative Capture Synthesis of Functionalized Heterorotaxanes─Chemical Scope, Kinetics, and Mechanistic Studies


d’Orchymont, Faustine; Holland, Jason P (2023). Cooperative Capture Synthesis of Functionalized Heterorotaxanes─Chemical Scope, Kinetics, and Mechanistic Studies. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 145(23):12894-12910.

Abstract

The self-assembly of molecularly interlocked molecules offers new opportunities for creating bioactive molecules for applications in medicine. Cooperative capture synthesis of heterorotaxanes in water is an attractive methodology for developing multifunctional supramolecular imaging agents or drugs, but derivatizing the rotaxane scaffold with biologically active vectors like peptides and proteins, or reporter probers like radioactive metal ion complexes and fluorophores, requires the installation of reactive functional groups. Here, we explored the chemical scope of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) derivatization on the cucurbit[6]uril (CB[6])-mediated cooperative capture synthesis of hetero[4]rotaxanes with the objective of identifying which reactive groups can be used for further functionalization without compromising the efficiency of rotaxane synthesis. Nine β-CD derivatives featuring an electrophilic leaving group (tosylate), aliphatic amines, a carboxylic acid, aliphatic azides, anilines, and aryl isothiocyanate were evaluated in the synthesis of hetero[4]rotaxanes. Experimental measurements on the kinetics of rotaxane synthesis were combined with detailed computational studies using the density functional theory to elucidate the mechanistic pathways and rate determining step in the cooperative capture process. Computational studies on the structure and bonding also revealed why intermolecular interactions between the β-CD and CB[6] macrocycles improve the rate and efficiency of rotaxane formation through cooperative capture. Understanding the mechanistic details and synthetic scope will facilitate broader access to functionalized hetero[4]rotaxanes for applications in biomedicine and beyond.

Abstract

The self-assembly of molecularly interlocked molecules offers new opportunities for creating bioactive molecules for applications in medicine. Cooperative capture synthesis of heterorotaxanes in water is an attractive methodology for developing multifunctional supramolecular imaging agents or drugs, but derivatizing the rotaxane scaffold with biologically active vectors like peptides and proteins, or reporter probers like radioactive metal ion complexes and fluorophores, requires the installation of reactive functional groups. Here, we explored the chemical scope of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) derivatization on the cucurbit[6]uril (CB[6])-mediated cooperative capture synthesis of hetero[4]rotaxanes with the objective of identifying which reactive groups can be used for further functionalization without compromising the efficiency of rotaxane synthesis. Nine β-CD derivatives featuring an electrophilic leaving group (tosylate), aliphatic amines, a carboxylic acid, aliphatic azides, anilines, and aryl isothiocyanate were evaluated in the synthesis of hetero[4]rotaxanes. Experimental measurements on the kinetics of rotaxane synthesis were combined with detailed computational studies using the density functional theory to elucidate the mechanistic pathways and rate determining step in the cooperative capture process. Computational studies on the structure and bonding also revealed why intermolecular interactions between the β-CD and CB[6] macrocycles improve the rate and efficiency of rotaxane formation through cooperative capture. Understanding the mechanistic details and synthetic scope will facilitate broader access to functionalized hetero[4]rotaxanes for applications in biomedicine and beyond.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
5 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

6 downloads since deposited on 19 Feb 2024
6 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Catalysis
Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Physical Sciences > Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Colloid and Surface Chemistry, Biochemistry, General Chemistry, Catalysis
Language:English
Date:5 June 2023
Deposited On:19 Feb 2024 15:08
Last Modified:30 Jun 2024 01:37
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:0002-7863
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.3c04111
PubMed ID:37272851
Project Information:
  • : FunderH2020
  • : Grant ID101001734
  • : Project TitlePhotoPHARMA - Light-induced synthesis of protein-drug conjugates for imaging and therapy
  • : FunderH2020
  • : Grant ID676904
  • : Project TitleNanoSCAN - Developing multi-modality nanomedicines for targeted annotation of oncogenic signaling pathways
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)