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Linguistic Layers in John of Garland’s Dictionarius


Pagan, Heather; Seiler, Annina; Wallis, Christine (2023). Linguistic Layers in John of Garland’s Dictionarius. Études médiévales anglaises, 102(1):63-108.

Abstract

John of Garland's Dictionarius is a thirteenth-century Latin lexicographic work, which survives in at least 33 copies disseminated across England and the Continent. Originally conceived as a tool for teaching Latin through the medium of French, later copies of the work circulating in England, northern France and the Low Countries attracted glosses in Middle English, Old French, and other languages. This article provides a handlist of extant copies of the Dictionarius, and combines a visual and linguistic analysis of the text, its commentary and glosses across the manuscript tradition. It examines the relationship of the different layers of the text, and discusses some of the chronological and regional variations in its layout and content. This article sheds light on medieval language learning and teaching in multilingual textual communities in England and on the Continent, providing evidence for the evolving role of the vernacular in texts for teaching Latin.

Abstract

John of Garland's Dictionarius is a thirteenth-century Latin lexicographic work, which survives in at least 33 copies disseminated across England and the Continent. Originally conceived as a tool for teaching Latin through the medium of French, later copies of the work circulating in England, northern France and the Low Countries attracted glosses in Middle English, Old French, and other languages. This article provides a handlist of extant copies of the Dictionarius, and combines a visual and linguistic analysis of the text, its commentary and glosses across the manuscript tradition. It examines the relationship of the different layers of the text, and discusses some of the chronological and regional variations in its layout and content. This article sheds light on medieval language learning and teaching in multilingual textual communities in England and on the Continent, providing evidence for the evolving role of the vernacular in texts for teaching Latin.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > English Department
Dewey Decimal Classification:820 English & Old English literatures
Uncontrolled Keywords:historical multilingualism, John of Garland, Dictionarius, Latin, Middle French, Middle English, history of the English language
Language:English
Date:2023
Deposited On:30 Jan 2024 14:32
Last Modified:09 Feb 2024 11:09
Publisher:Association des médiévistes anglicistes de l'enseignement supérieur
ISSN:2727-2184
OA Status:Closed
Related URLs:https://amaes.jimdofree.com/publications-de-l-amaes/notre-revue-ema/ (Publisher)