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The be‐ versus get‐passive alternation in world Englishes


Hundt, Marianne; Dallas, Bethany; Nakanishi, Shimon (2024). The be‐ versus get‐passive alternation in world Englishes. World Englishes, 43(1):86-108.

Abstract

Multifactorial studies of the be:get‐passive alternation are still rare. On the basis of the International Corpus of English, this is the first investigation to use mixed modelling for the passive alternation in world Englishes. Overall, our findings reveal that regional differences are far less important than language‐internal constraints, with Inner and Outer Circle varieties largely sharing a core grammar. Additionally, while there is qualitative evidence confirming the interchangeability of the two passive allostructions, our generalised‐mixed model reveals that the choice is still heavily influenced by the different semantic origins of the variants, evident not only in the adversative semantics of theget‐passive but also in a tendency to prefer human/animate subjects. The strong prescriptive reaction to the progressive passive in the Late Modern period, however, has not resulted in a marked preference forgetoverbein progressives in our data.

Abstract

Multifactorial studies of the be:get‐passive alternation are still rare. On the basis of the International Corpus of English, this is the first investigation to use mixed modelling for the passive alternation in world Englishes. Overall, our findings reveal that regional differences are far less important than language‐internal constraints, with Inner and Outer Circle varieties largely sharing a core grammar. Additionally, while there is qualitative evidence confirming the interchangeability of the two passive allostructions, our generalised‐mixed model reveals that the choice is still heavily influenced by the different semantic origins of the variants, evident not only in the adversative semantics of theget‐passive but also in a tendency to prefer human/animate subjects. The strong prescriptive reaction to the progressive passive in the Late Modern period, however, has not resulted in a marked preference forgetoverbein progressives in our data.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > English Department
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Computational Linguistics
06 Faculty of Arts > Zurich Center for Linguistics
08 Research Priority Programs > Language and Space
Dewey Decimal Classification:820 English & Old English literatures
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Language and Linguistics
Social Sciences & Humanities > Anthropology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Political Science
Social Sciences & Humanities > Linguistics and Language
Uncontrolled Keywords:Linguistics and Language, Sociology and Political Science, Anthropology, Language and Linguistics
Language:English
Date:1 March 2024
Deposited On:30 Jan 2024 08:47
Last Modified:31 Mar 2024 01:38
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0883-2919
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/weng.12633
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)