Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The influence of hypoxaemia, hypotension and hypercapnia (among other factors) on quality of recovery from general anaesthesia in horses


Meier, Merit; Kazmir-Lysak, Kristina; Kälin, Isabel; Torgerson, Paul R; Ringer, Simone K (2024). The influence of hypoxaemia, hypotension and hypercapnia (among other factors) on quality of recovery from general anaesthesia in horses. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 51(2):135-143.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of hypoxaemia, hypotension and hypercapnia, among others, on quality of recovery from general anaesthesia in horses.
Study design: Retrospective, single-centre study.
Animals: A sample of 1226 horses that underwent general anaesthesia between June 2017 and June 2021.
Methods: Horses and ponies weighing > 200 kg, aged > 6 months, anaesthetized using a xylazine- or medetomidine-isoflurane balanced anaesthesia protocol and presenting a complete anaesthetic record were included. Data were extracted from the clinic record system and from the original anaesthesia records. Recoveries were divided into ‘good’ and ‘bad’ based on the available recovery scores. Influence of hypoxaemia [PaO2 < 60 mmHg (7.99 kPa)], hypotension (mean arterial pressure < 70 mmHg for at least 15 minutes) and hypercapnia [PaCO2 > 60 mmHg (7.99 kPa)], anaesthesia protocol, body weight, age, breed, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists status, type of procedure, emergency or nonemergency, duration of anaesthesia, positioning, times spent in lateral and sternal recumbency during recovery, time until standing and nonassisted or assisted recovery on the assigned recovery score (good/bad) were investigated using generalized linear regression analysis (p < 0.05).
Results: Hypoxaemia and prolonged duration of anaesthesia were significantly associated with a bad recovery score. No other factors had a significant influence on recovery quality.
Conclusion and clinical relevance: Hypoxaemia and prolonged anaesthesia duration have a negative effect on quality of anaesthetic recovery in horses. Clinically, this highlights the importance of keeping anaesthetic time as short as possible and to monitor oxygenation and treat hypoxaemia as soon as possible.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of hypoxaemia, hypotension and hypercapnia, among others, on quality of recovery from general anaesthesia in horses.
Study design: Retrospective, single-centre study.
Animals: A sample of 1226 horses that underwent general anaesthesia between June 2017 and June 2021.
Methods: Horses and ponies weighing > 200 kg, aged > 6 months, anaesthetized using a xylazine- or medetomidine-isoflurane balanced anaesthesia protocol and presenting a complete anaesthetic record were included. Data were extracted from the clinic record system and from the original anaesthesia records. Recoveries were divided into ‘good’ and ‘bad’ based on the available recovery scores. Influence of hypoxaemia [PaO2 < 60 mmHg (7.99 kPa)], hypotension (mean arterial pressure < 70 mmHg for at least 15 minutes) and hypercapnia [PaCO2 > 60 mmHg (7.99 kPa)], anaesthesia protocol, body weight, age, breed, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists status, type of procedure, emergency or nonemergency, duration of anaesthesia, positioning, times spent in lateral and sternal recumbency during recovery, time until standing and nonassisted or assisted recovery on the assigned recovery score (good/bad) were investigated using generalized linear regression analysis (p < 0.05).
Results: Hypoxaemia and prolonged duration of anaesthesia were significantly associated with a bad recovery score. No other factors had a significant influence on recovery quality.
Conclusion and clinical relevance: Hypoxaemia and prolonged anaesthesia duration have a negative effect on quality of anaesthetic recovery in horses. Clinically, this highlights the importance of keeping anaesthetic time as short as possible and to monitor oxygenation and treat hypoxaemia as soon as possible.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 08 Feb 2024
1 download since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinärwissenschaftliches Institut > Chair in Veterinary Epidemiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Veterinary
Language:English
Date:1 March 2024
Deposited On:08 Feb 2024 09:06
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 03:43
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1467-2987
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2023.10.032
PubMed ID:38331674