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Spin‐Selective Electron Transport Through Single Chiral Molecules


Safari, Mohammad Reza; Matthes, Frank; Schneider, Claus M; Ernst, Karl‐Heinz; Bürgler, Daniel E (2024). Spin‐Selective Electron Transport Through Single Chiral Molecules. Small, 20(22):e2308233.

Abstract

The interplay between chirality and magnetism is a source of fascination among scientists for over a century. In recent years, chirality‐induced spin selectivity (CISS) has attracted renewed interest. It is observed that electron transport through layers of homochiral molecules leads to a significant spin polarization of several tens of percent. Despite the abundant experimental evidence gathered through mesoscopic transport measurements, the exact mechanism behind CISS remains elusive. This study reports spin‐selective electron transport through single helical aromatic hydrocarbons that are sublimed in vacuo onto ferromagnetic cobalt surfaces and examined with spin‐polarized scanning tunneling microscopy (SP‐STM) at a temperature of 5 K. Direct comparison of two enantiomers under otherwise identical conditions revealed magnetochiral conductance asymmetries of up to 50% when either the molecular handedness is exchanged or the magnetization direction of the STM tip or Co substrate is reversed. Importantly, the results rule out electron–phonon coupling and ensemble effects as primary mechanisms responsible for CISS.

Abstract

The interplay between chirality and magnetism is a source of fascination among scientists for over a century. In recent years, chirality‐induced spin selectivity (CISS) has attracted renewed interest. It is observed that electron transport through layers of homochiral molecules leads to a significant spin polarization of several tens of percent. Despite the abundant experimental evidence gathered through mesoscopic transport measurements, the exact mechanism behind CISS remains elusive. This study reports spin‐selective electron transport through single helical aromatic hydrocarbons that are sublimed in vacuo onto ferromagnetic cobalt surfaces and examined with spin‐polarized scanning tunneling microscopy (SP‐STM) at a temperature of 5 K. Direct comparison of two enantiomers under otherwise identical conditions revealed magnetochiral conductance asymmetries of up to 50% when either the molecular handedness is exchanged or the magnetization direction of the STM tip or Co substrate is reversed. Importantly, the results rule out electron–phonon coupling and ensemble effects as primary mechanisms responsible for CISS.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biotechnology
Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Biomaterials
Physical Sciences > General Materials Science
Physical Sciences > Engineering (miscellaneous)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biomaterials, Biotechnology, General Materials Science, General Chemistry
Language:English
Date:May 2024
Deposited On:18 Feb 2024 15:10
Last Modified:30 Jun 2024 03:32
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1613-6810
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.202308233
PubMed ID:38050945
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)