Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Systematic review and meta‐analysis of the impact of decontamination interventions on the prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in broiler chickens during primary processing


Gichure, Josphat Njenga; Coorey, Ranil; Njage, Patrick Murigu Kamau; Wambui, Joseph M; Dykes, Gary A; Buys, Elna M (2023). Systematic review and meta‐analysis of the impact of decontamination interventions on the prevalence and concentration of Salmonella in broiler chickens during primary processing. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 58(12):6456-6474.

Abstract

SummarySystematic review and meta‐analysis aggregate quantitative data from different studies into unified effect size estimates with better statistical power in risk assessment model parameterisation. This study uses systematic review and meta‐analysis to estimate Salmonella decontamination during broiler slaughter from scalding to post‐chilling, with meta‐regression applied to explore modifier variables. Data from 161 studies published between 1998 and 2022 was extracted from thirty‐five articles identified in the systematic review process with meta‐analysis and meta‐regression performed using the metafor package (version 2.0‐0) in R statistical environment (version 3.6.0). The analysis revealed carcass wash (1.31 log$_{10}$ CFU/carcass reduction in odds; P < 0.01) and chilling (121.50% reduction in relative risk; P < 0.01) had significant reduction on Salmonella concentration and prevalence, respectively. Chemical additives reduced the concentration (0.98 log$_{10}$ CFU/carcass; P < 0.01) and prevalence (64.74% relative risk; P < 0.01) but the efficacy of physical methods was not conclusive. Application of decontaminants through immersion was superior (0.90 log$_{10}$ CFU/carcass; P < 0.01) to spraying (0.72 log$_{10}$ CFU/carcass; P < 0.01). Adjusting the pH sequentially of electrolysed water, acetic acid and trisodium phosphate reduced the odds of Salmonella concentration by more than 2 log cycles and the relative risk by more than 100%. The results provide trends in the concentration and prevalence of Salmonella during the broilers slaughter process with application of decontamination interventions and provide a basis for control decision‐making and quantitative microbial risk assessment.

Abstract

SummarySystematic review and meta‐analysis aggregate quantitative data from different studies into unified effect size estimates with better statistical power in risk assessment model parameterisation. This study uses systematic review and meta‐analysis to estimate Salmonella decontamination during broiler slaughter from scalding to post‐chilling, with meta‐regression applied to explore modifier variables. Data from 161 studies published between 1998 and 2022 was extracted from thirty‐five articles identified in the systematic review process with meta‐analysis and meta‐regression performed using the metafor package (version 2.0‐0) in R statistical environment (version 3.6.0). The analysis revealed carcass wash (1.31 log$_{10}$ CFU/carcass reduction in odds; P < 0.01) and chilling (121.50% reduction in relative risk; P < 0.01) had significant reduction on Salmonella concentration and prevalence, respectively. Chemical additives reduced the concentration (0.98 log$_{10}$ CFU/carcass; P < 0.01) and prevalence (64.74% relative risk; P < 0.01) but the efficacy of physical methods was not conclusive. Application of decontaminants through immersion was superior (0.90 log$_{10}$ CFU/carcass; P < 0.01) to spraying (0.72 log$_{10}$ CFU/carcass; P < 0.01). Adjusting the pH sequentially of electrolysed water, acetic acid and trisodium phosphate reduced the odds of Salmonella concentration by more than 2 log cycles and the relative risk by more than 100%. The results provide trends in the concentration and prevalence of Salmonella during the broilers slaughter process with application of decontamination interventions and provide a basis for control decision‐making and quantitative microbial risk assessment.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 27 Feb 2024
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinärwissenschaftliches Institut > Institute of Food Safety and Hygiene
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Food Science
Physical Sciences > Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords:Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Food Science
Language:English
Date:1 December 2023
Deposited On:27 Feb 2024 08:08
Last Modified:30 Jun 2024 03:35
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0950-5423
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.16759
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)