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Temperature dependence of steady-state and presteady-state kinetics of a type IIb Na+/Pi cotransporter


Bacconi, A; Ravera, S; Virkki, L V; Murer, H; Forster, I C (2007). Temperature dependence of steady-state and presteady-state kinetics of a type IIb Na+/Pi cotransporter. Journal of Membrane Biology, 215(2-3):81-92.

Abstract

The temperature dependence of the transport kinetics of flounder Na(+)-coupled inorganic phosphate (P(i)) cotransporters (NaPi-IIb) expressed in Xenopus oocytes was investigated using radiotracer and electrophysiological assays. (32)P(i) uptake was strongly temperature-dependent and decreased by approximately 80% at a temperature change from 25 degrees C to 5 degrees C. The corresponding activation energy (E (a)) was approximately 14 kcal mol(-1) for the cotransport mode. The temperature dependence of the cotransport and leak modes was determined from electrogenic responses to 1 mM P(i) and phosphonoformic acid (PFA), respectively, under voltage clamp. The magnitude of the P(i)- and PFA-induced changes in holding current decreased with temperature. E (a) at -100 mV for the cotransport and leak modes was approximately 16 kcal mol(-1) and approximately 11 kcal mol(-1), respectively, which suggested that the leak is mediated by a carrier, rather than a channel, mechanism. Moreover, E (a) for cotransport was voltage-independent, suggesting that a major conformational change in the transport cycle is electroneutral. To identify partial reactions that confer temperature dependence, we acquired presteady-state currents at different temperatures with 0 mM P(i) over a range of external Na(+). The relaxation time constants increased, and the peak time constant shifted toward more positive potentials with decreasing temperature. Likewise, there was a depolarizing shift of the charge distribution, whereas the total available charge and apparent valency predicted from single Boltzmann fits were temperature-independent. These effects were explained by an increased temperature sensitivity of the Na(+)-debinding rate compared with the other voltage-dependent rate constants.

Abstract

The temperature dependence of the transport kinetics of flounder Na(+)-coupled inorganic phosphate (P(i)) cotransporters (NaPi-IIb) expressed in Xenopus oocytes was investigated using radiotracer and electrophysiological assays. (32)P(i) uptake was strongly temperature-dependent and decreased by approximately 80% at a temperature change from 25 degrees C to 5 degrees C. The corresponding activation energy (E (a)) was approximately 14 kcal mol(-1) for the cotransport mode. The temperature dependence of the cotransport and leak modes was determined from electrogenic responses to 1 mM P(i) and phosphonoformic acid (PFA), respectively, under voltage clamp. The magnitude of the P(i)- and PFA-induced changes in holding current decreased with temperature. E (a) at -100 mV for the cotransport and leak modes was approximately 16 kcal mol(-1) and approximately 11 kcal mol(-1), respectively, which suggested that the leak is mediated by a carrier, rather than a channel, mechanism. Moreover, E (a) for cotransport was voltage-independent, suggesting that a major conformational change in the transport cycle is electroneutral. To identify partial reactions that confer temperature dependence, we acquired presteady-state currents at different temperatures with 0 mM P(i) over a range of external Na(+). The relaxation time constants increased, and the peak time constant shifted toward more positive potentials with decreasing temperature. Likewise, there was a depolarizing shift of the charge distribution, whereas the total available charge and apparent valency predicted from single Boltzmann fits were temperature-independent. These effects were explained by an increased temperature sensitivity of the Na(+)-debinding rate compared with the other voltage-dependent rate constants.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2007
Deposited On:29 Jul 2008 15:17
Last Modified:22 Sep 2018 03:37
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0022-2631
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00232-007-9008-1
PubMed ID:17443384

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