Few cases of severe postnatally acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection are reported in premature infants. We report on an extremely low birthweight (ELBW) preterm infant who presented with a sepsis-like syndrome and multiple organ involvement, notably pneumonitis and colitis. The course of infection was assessed by repeated analysis of urine, tracheal aspirates and blood. The patient was given intravenous ganciclovir. The clinical course was rapidly favorable. Development of neutropenia led to the discontinuation of the antiviral treatment after 28 days. Follow-up showed moderate white matter anomalies on cerebral MRI, a transient hypoacusis and a mild developmental delay at 18 months of corrected age. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of a severe combination of pneumonitis and colitis in postnatal CMV infection. Many issues remain controversial and are discussed. We propose that antiviral treatment should be considered in severe postnatal CMV infection in ELBW patients.