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Liposome formulations of hydrophobic drugs


Schwendener, R A; Schott, H (2010). Liposome formulations of hydrophobic drugs. In: Weissig, V. Liposomes, Methods and Protocols, Vol. 1: Pharmaceutical Nanocarriers. New York, NY, USA: Humana Press, 129-138.

Abstract

Here, we report methods of preparation for liposome formulations containing lipophilic drugs. In contrast to the encapsulation of water-soluble compounds into the entrapped aqueous volume of a liposome, drugs with lipophilic properties are incorporated into the phospholipid bilayer membrane. Water-soluble molecules, for example, cytotoxic or antiviral nucleosides can be transformed into lipophilic compounds by attachment of long alkyl chains, allowing their stable incorporation into liposome membranes and taking advantage of the high loading capacity lipid bilayers provide for lipophilic molecules. We created a new class of cytotoxic drugs by chemical transformation of the hydrophilic drugs cytosine-arabinoside (ara-C), 5-fluoro-deoxyuridine (5-FdU) and ethinylcytidine (ETC) into lipophilic compounds and their formulation in liposomes. The concept of chemical modification of water-soluble molecules by attachment of long alkyl chains and their stable incorporation into liposome bilayer membranes represent a very promising method for the development of new drugs not only for the treatment of tumors or infections, but also for many other diseases.

Abstract

Here, we report methods of preparation for liposome formulations containing lipophilic drugs. In contrast to the encapsulation of water-soluble compounds into the entrapped aqueous volume of a liposome, drugs with lipophilic properties are incorporated into the phospholipid bilayer membrane. Water-soluble molecules, for example, cytotoxic or antiviral nucleosides can be transformed into lipophilic compounds by attachment of long alkyl chains, allowing their stable incorporation into liposome membranes and taking advantage of the high loading capacity lipid bilayers provide for lipophilic molecules. We created a new class of cytotoxic drugs by chemical transformation of the hydrophilic drugs cytosine-arabinoside (ara-C), 5-fluoro-deoxyuridine (5-FdU) and ethinylcytidine (ETC) into lipophilic compounds and their formulation in liposomes. The concept of chemical modification of water-soluble molecules by attachment of long alkyl chains and their stable incorporation into liposome bilayer membranes represent a very promising method for the development of new drugs not only for the treatment of tumors or infections, but also for many other diseases.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, not_refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Genetics
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:10 Mar 2010 10:56
Last Modified:28 Jun 2022 08:55
Publisher:Humana Press
Series Name:Methods in Molecular Biology
Number:605
ISSN:1940-6029
ISBN:978-1-60327-359-6
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60327-360-2_8
PubMed ID:20072877