Purpose. This cross-sectional study investigated the degree of association between the results of ambulatory step activity monitoring (SAM), self-reported physical functioning (SRPF) and the 6-minute standardised walking test (6-MWT) in cancer patients with haematological malignancies.
Method. Assessments of ambulatory SAM, SRPF and 6-MWT were assessed in 102 patients up to 122 days (mean 78+35) after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). To determine the association between measures of walking, the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient (r) including the 95%CI and the r2 were calculated. Simple
linear regression analyses were performed to estimate the ambulatory step activity from SRPF and the 6-MWT.
Results. The average age was 47 years (+12) and body mass index 23.4 (+4). The correlations were low between
ambulatory SAM outputs and SRPF (ranging from70.32 to 0.34, p50.01), and very low between SAM outputs and 6-MWT, (ranging from 0.21 to 0.24). The correlation between SRPF and the 6-MWT was low (0.33, p50.01). The correlation between SRPF and the 6-MWT was low (0.33, p50.01). The 95%CIs were quite narrow around r. The shared variance (r2) between the SAM and SPPF ranged between 4% and 11% and the shared variance between the SAM and 6-MWT ranged between 0.5% and 18%. Linear regression yielded weak relationships and large standard errors of estimate between the SAM, SRPF and 6-MWT.
Conclusions. SRPF and the 6-MWT do not reflect daily walking activity. In clinical use (e.g. to evaluate the effects of a rehabilitation program), ambulatory step activity outputs can be considered an additional outcome to assess day-to-day walking activity in patients with haematological cancer after HSCT.