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Proton transfer in imidazole-based molecular crystals


Iannuzzi, M (2006). Proton transfer in imidazole-based molecular crystals. Journal of Chemical Physics, 124(20):204710.

Abstract

Heterocycles' aggregates show rather good proton conductivity. In particular, condensed structures formed by imidazole rings that are held together by polymeric chains have attracted some interest as possible candidate materials for fuel cell membranes. However, the details of the proton diffusion process could not be resolved by means of experimental measurements because of the fast rearrangement of the structure after each proton exchange. In this work, we report in detail the results of ab initio molecular dynamics calculations, which were briefly presented in a previous Letter [M. Iannuzzi and M. Parrinello, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 025901 (2004)]. The conformational changes associated with the diffusion of protons in model crystalline structures containing chains of imidazole rings are described in the framework of an atomistic approach. In particular, the bonding pattern characterizing the structure of imidazole-2-ethylene-oxide doped by an excess proton is also studied through the calculation of the H-1 NMR chemical shifts. The unresolved resonances appearing in the experimental spectra could be associated with specific structural features, in connection with the fluctuating hydrogen bonding. The analysis of the distortions that induce or are induced by the mobility of the protons offers some new hints for the engineering of new proton conducting materials.

Abstract

Heterocycles' aggregates show rather good proton conductivity. In particular, condensed structures formed by imidazole rings that are held together by polymeric chains have attracted some interest as possible candidate materials for fuel cell membranes. However, the details of the proton diffusion process could not be resolved by means of experimental measurements because of the fast rearrangement of the structure after each proton exchange. In this work, we report in detail the results of ab initio molecular dynamics calculations, which were briefly presented in a previous Letter [M. Iannuzzi and M. Parrinello, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 025901 (2004)]. The conformational changes associated with the diffusion of protons in model crystalline structures containing chains of imidazole rings are described in the framework of an atomistic approach. In particular, the bonding pattern characterizing the structure of imidazole-2-ethylene-oxide doped by an excess proton is also studied through the calculation of the H-1 NMR chemical shifts. The unresolved resonances appearing in the experimental spectra could be associated with specific structural features, in connection with the fluctuating hydrogen bonding. The analysis of the distortions that induce or are induced by the mobility of the protons offers some new hints for the engineering of new proton conducting materials.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:May 2006
Deposited On:23 Mar 2009 18:19
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 06:44
Publisher:American Institute of Physics
ISSN:0021-9606
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2202323
PubMed ID:16774367

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