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Role of CX3C-chemokine CX3C-L/fractalkine expression in a model of slowly progressive renal failure


Koziolek, M; Müller, G A; Zapf, A; Patschan, D; Schmid, H; Cohen, C D; Koschnick, S; Vasko, R; Bramlage, C; Strutz, F (2010). Role of CX3C-chemokine CX3C-L/fractalkine expression in a model of slowly progressive renal failure. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 25(3):684-698.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The chemokine/chemokine receptor pair CX(3)C-L/CX(3)C-R is suspected to play a role in renal fibrogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate their function in an animal model of slowly progressive chronic renal failure. METHODS: Functional data were analysed in folic acid nephropathy (FAN) at different time points (up to day 142 after induction). Immunostaining for CX(3)C-L, CD3, S100A4, collagen type I, fibronectin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, Tamm-horsfall protein, aquaporin 1 and 2 as well as quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) for CX(3)C-L, CX(3)C-R and fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP-1) were performed. Additionally, regulatory mechanisms and functional activity of CX(3)C-L in murine proximal and distal tubular epithelial cells as well as in fibroblasts were investigated. RESULTS: CX(3)C-L/GAPDH ratio was upregulated in FAN 3.4-fold at day 7 further increasing up to 7.1-fold at day 106. The expression of mRNA CX(3)C-L correlated well with CX(3)C-R (R(2) = 0.96), the number of infiltrating CD3+ cells (R(2) = 0.60) and the degree of tubulointerstitial fibrosis (R(2) = 0.56) and moderately with FSP-1 (R(2) = 0.33). Interleukin-1beta, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, transforming growth factor-beta as well as the reactive oxygen species (ROS) H(2)O(2) were identified by qRT-PCR as inductors of CX(3)C-L/fractalkine (FKN) in tubular epithelial cells. Functionally, CX(3)C-L/FKN chemoattracts peripheral blood mononuclear cells, activates several aspects of fibrogenesis and induces the mitogen-activated protein kinases in renal fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: In FAN, there is a good correlation between the expression of CX(3)C-L with markers of interstitial inflammation and fibrosis which may result from upregulation by pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cytokines as well as by ROS in tubular epithelial cells. The FKN system may promote renal inflammation and renal fibrogenesis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The chemokine/chemokine receptor pair CX(3)C-L/CX(3)C-R is suspected to play a role in renal fibrogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate their function in an animal model of slowly progressive chronic renal failure. METHODS: Functional data were analysed in folic acid nephropathy (FAN) at different time points (up to day 142 after induction). Immunostaining for CX(3)C-L, CD3, S100A4, collagen type I, fibronectin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, Tamm-horsfall protein, aquaporin 1 and 2 as well as quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) for CX(3)C-L, CX(3)C-R and fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP-1) were performed. Additionally, regulatory mechanisms and functional activity of CX(3)C-L in murine proximal and distal tubular epithelial cells as well as in fibroblasts were investigated. RESULTS: CX(3)C-L/GAPDH ratio was upregulated in FAN 3.4-fold at day 7 further increasing up to 7.1-fold at day 106. The expression of mRNA CX(3)C-L correlated well with CX(3)C-R (R(2) = 0.96), the number of infiltrating CD3+ cells (R(2) = 0.60) and the degree of tubulointerstitial fibrosis (R(2) = 0.56) and moderately with FSP-1 (R(2) = 0.33). Interleukin-1beta, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, transforming growth factor-beta as well as the reactive oxygen species (ROS) H(2)O(2) were identified by qRT-PCR as inductors of CX(3)C-L/fractalkine (FKN) in tubular epithelial cells. Functionally, CX(3)C-L/FKN chemoattracts peripheral blood mononuclear cells, activates several aspects of fibrogenesis and induces the mitogen-activated protein kinases in renal fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: In FAN, there is a good correlation between the expression of CX(3)C-L with markers of interstitial inflammation and fibrosis which may result from upregulation by pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic cytokines as well as by ROS in tubular epithelial cells. The FKN system may promote renal inflammation and renal fibrogenesis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 2010
Deposited On:03 Aug 2010 12:00
Last Modified:17 Feb 2018 17:15
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0931-0509
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfp602
PubMed ID:19934081

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