We present in this chapter an overview of studies and research findings on PTG in Germany. The chapter includes six parts. We begin with a short review of the German context. The second part addresses the development and validation of the German version of the posttraumatic growth inventory (PTGI), (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996) and pays particular attention to the aspect of religion and spirituality. The third part focuses especially on trauma research against the background of German political history. To this effect, two studies are presented: a study of survivors of the 1945 Dresden bombing, which describe the long-term impact of war experiences and their effect on PTG and a study regarding PTG after political imprisonment in the GDR. The forth section focuses on studies of psychotherapy and PTG in Germany. Two studies that explore specific treatment modules to enhance the development of PTG with an emphasis on cognitive restructuring are presented. Subsequently, contemporary research such as findings in neuroscience and concepts of self-efficacy in relation to PTG are reviewed. The chapter closes with a description of the two-component Janus-face model of PTG.