The purpose of this article is to furnish insights into the variety of ways in which European philosophy has been, and is being, received in Iran. The reception of Kantian thought in Iran exemplifies in significant ways the transmission of European philosophy into a non-European context, since the philosophy of Kant is discussed by a variety of intellectuals and scholars and in many different ways. The article first briefly discusses the motives of this study along with some methodological questions concerning comparative philosophy. It also gives some information about the issue of philosophy in Iran. It then focuses on two specific approaches to Kant provided by two different Iranian thinkers: on Mehdī Ḥā’erī Yazdī’s critique of Kant’s critique of the ontological proof of God’s existence, and on Mohammad Moǧtahed Šabestarī’s references to Kant’s idea of freedom and autonomy.