Fas (CD95) belongs to the superfamily of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors. Besides its key role in apoptosis, Fas contributes to non-apoptotic pathways such as cell proliferation and inflammation. In 3T3-L1 adipocytes, activation of Fas by Fas ligand decreased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, without affecting cell viability. This decrease in glucose uptake was accompanied by reduced protein expression and diminished phosphorylation of Akt. Similarly, insulin-stimulated glucose incorporation and protein levels of Akt were increased in isolated adipocytes from Fas deficient mice when compared to wild-type mice. In conclusion, Fas activation in adipocytes decreases Akt expression and thereby impairs insulin sensitivity.