RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of stent lumen delineation using dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in the standard-pitch mode (SP) as compared to the high-pitch mode (HP) in a phantom study.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty different coronary stents placed in plastic tubes filled with contrast agent were imaged with a second generation DSCT system in a SP (pitch 0.23) and HP (pitch 3.4) mode in orientations of 0°, 45°, and 90° relative to the z-axis. Two observers independently measured the in-stent lumen and the attenuation values in the center of the stents. The artificial lumen narrowing (ALN) was calculated using the measured in-stent lumen and the nominal diameter of the plastic tube.
RESULTS: Interobserver correlation was excellent for in-stent lumen (0.86) and attenuation measurements (0.91). There was no significant difference neither for ALN (SP: 54.7-62.8%; HP: 55.8-64.0%) nor attenuation (SP: 356-395 Hounsfield units [HU]; HP: 352-384 HU) between SP and HP mode. For both modes, the orientation of the stent relative to the z-axis significantly affected ALN and attenuation (each P < .001). CT volume dose index was significantly lower using HP mode as compared to SP mode (P < .001).
CONCLUSION: The HP mode in DSCT provides visualization of the coronary in-stent lumen comparable to that measured in SP mode while reducing applied radiation dose in a stationary phantom model.