Tissue engineering of bone grafts was addressed in a critical size model on the chick chorioallantoic membrane model (CAM assay), using DegraPol(R) (DP) foam as scaffold material. The scaffolds were seeded with cultures of human osteoblasts (OB) and human en notdo notthelial cells (EC), respectively, or with a co-culture of the two cell types (control: no cells). In vitro samples (7 days cultivation) and ex vivo CAM samples at incubation day 15 (ID 15) were analyzed by high field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histology. The co-culture system performed best with respect to perfusion, as assessed by contrast-enhanced MRI using Gd-DTPA. The scaffold seeded by the co-culture supported an increased vascular ingrowth, which was confirmed by histological analysis. DP foam is a suitable scaffold for bone tissue engineering and the MRI technique allows for non-destructive and quantitative assessment of perfusion capability during early stages of bone forming constructs.