PURPOSE: To describe a novel methodology by which to measure the Hirschberg ratio (HR) in infants. The methodology does not require fixation on specific points, and measurements are made while infants look naturally at a display.
METHODS: The HR is calculated automatically from measurements of the direction of the optical axis, the position of the pupil center, and corneal reflexes in video images from an advanced two-camera eye-tracking system. The performance of the novel fixation-free procedure (FFP) was evaluated in 43 adults by measuring the average difference and the 95% limits of agreement with the standard fixation-based procedure (FBP). Repeatability of the HR measurements was evaluated by assessing the 95% limits of agreement between two independent measurements. Performance of the FFP was also evaluated in five infants.
RESULTS: In adults, the average HR was 12.89 +/- 1.22 degrees/mm for FFP and 12.81 +/- 1.22 degrees/mm for FBP. FFP and FBP measurements were highly correlated (r = 0.95; P < 0.001). The 95% limits of agreement between FFP and FBP were +/-0.86 degrees/mm. The 95% limits of agreement of repeated measurements were +/-0.66 degrees/mm for FFP and +/-0.77 degrees/mm for FBP. In infants, the 95% limits of agreement of repeated measurements by FFP were +/-0.63 degrees/mm.
CONCLUSIONS: In adults, the FFP provides accurate measurements of the HR that are in excellent agreement with measurements by FBP. In infants, measurements of HR by FFP show the same repeatability and consistency.