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Kolik bei Arabischen Pferden - Retrospektive Studie aus dem Patientengut von 11 Tierkliniken in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 1995-2000


Philipp, S; von Plocki, K A; von Rechenberg, Brigitte (2010). Kolik bei Arabischen Pferden - Retrospektive Studie aus dem Patientengut von 11 Tierkliniken in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 1995-2000. Pferdeheilkunde, 26(4):609-624.

Abstract

The subjects of this investigation were 338 Arabian horses which were presented to 11 renowned medical centres in Germany, Austria and Switzerland between the years 1995-2000, suffering from colic as a result of morbid changes in the gastrointestinal tract. Parameters of the preliminary examination are analyzed for significance and prognostic relevance for the survival rate of the presented horses. A further question was whether any of these parameters give a reliable indication for the necessity of surgical intervention. PCV (p=0,0007) and abdominocentesis (p=0,005) proved themselves to be distinguishing features between Arabs that survived and Arabs that died. The heart rate (p=0,02) contributed to the decision for or against surgical intervention. The analysis was based on the following data which were recorded in a compulsory protocol: anamnesis, clinic admission, diagnosis, treatment and the result of treatment. This comprehensive evaluation gives an overview of gender and age distribution as well as the frequency of the respective colic forms. Of the 338 horses in the study, 230 received conservative treatment and 108 had surgical correction. 76,96% of conservatively and 53,70% of the surgically treated horses were released as healthy. The clinic stay amounted to an average of 5 days for conservatively treated horses and 10 days for those horses with surgical correction. The most frequently affected intestinal segment was the large intestine (65,77%), followed by the small intestine (26,92%) and the stomach (7,31%). The most frequent cause of colic was obstipation, the second-most frequent displacement and the third-most frequent enteritis. The PCV-value of the blood even termed haematocrit was a very important parameter for a success of treatment. The purpose of this work was to determine whether Arabian horses can have their susceptibility for colic minimized by changes in their exogenic management.

Abstract

The subjects of this investigation were 338 Arabian horses which were presented to 11 renowned medical centres in Germany, Austria and Switzerland between the years 1995-2000, suffering from colic as a result of morbid changes in the gastrointestinal tract. Parameters of the preliminary examination are analyzed for significance and prognostic relevance for the survival rate of the presented horses. A further question was whether any of these parameters give a reliable indication for the necessity of surgical intervention. PCV (p=0,0007) and abdominocentesis (p=0,005) proved themselves to be distinguishing features between Arabs that survived and Arabs that died. The heart rate (p=0,02) contributed to the decision for or against surgical intervention. The analysis was based on the following data which were recorded in a compulsory protocol: anamnesis, clinic admission, diagnosis, treatment and the result of treatment. This comprehensive evaluation gives an overview of gender and age distribution as well as the frequency of the respective colic forms. Of the 338 horses in the study, 230 received conservative treatment and 108 had surgical correction. 76,96% of conservatively and 53,70% of the surgically treated horses were released as healthy. The clinic stay amounted to an average of 5 days for conservatively treated horses and 10 days for those horses with surgical correction. The most frequently affected intestinal segment was the large intestine (65,77%), followed by the small intestine (26,92%) and the stomach (7,31%). The most frequent cause of colic was obstipation, the second-most frequent displacement and the third-most frequent enteritis. The PCV-value of the blood even termed haematocrit was a very important parameter for a success of treatment. The purpose of this work was to determine whether Arabian horses can have their susceptibility for colic minimized by changes in their exogenic management.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Colic of Arabian horses - retrospective study of patients from 11 veterinary hospitals in Germany, Austria and Switzerland between the years 1995-2000
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Center for Applied Biotechnology and Molecular Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:German
Date:2010
Deposited On:13 Jan 2011 15:27
Last Modified:20 Nov 2020 15:39
Publisher:Hippiatrika Verlag GmbH
ISSN:0177-7726
OA Status:Closed

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