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Self-perception of self-regulatory skills in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder aged 8–10 years


Rizzo, P; Steinhausen, H C; Drechsler, R (2010). Self-perception of self-regulatory skills in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder aged 8–10 years. ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, 2(4):171-183.

Abstract

Several studies have reported a characteristic “positive illusory bias” in the self-evaluation of children with ADHD. However, results are controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether children with ADHD aged 8 to 10 years can rate their self-regulatory skills accurately when assessed with an age appropriate instrument. Twenty-seven children with ADHD and 27 matched normal control children completed the Self-rating Scale of Self-regulatory Function (SelfReg), a new rating scale that has been specifically designed for this age group. As expected, children with ADHD rated themselves significantly more dysfunctional than control children. In most domains, self-ratings of children with ADHD did not diverge from parent and teacher ratings to a greater extent than self-ratings of control children, although overall results indicated a moderate tendency toward a positive bias. When a cluster analysis based on discrepancies between children’s and adults’ evaluations was carried out, three groups with different self-rating patterns emerged: A “positive bias” group containing exclusively children with ADHD, a “negative bias” group containing both children with ADHD and control children, and the largest group of accurate self-raters which also included children from both diagnostic groups. It is concluded that overly positive self-judgments are not a ubiquitous finding in ADHD, but may be confined to a specific subgroup of children whose specific characteristics remain to be determined.

Abstract

Several studies have reported a characteristic “positive illusory bias” in the self-evaluation of children with ADHD. However, results are controversial. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether children with ADHD aged 8 to 10 years can rate their self-regulatory skills accurately when assessed with an age appropriate instrument. Twenty-seven children with ADHD and 27 matched normal control children completed the Self-rating Scale of Self-regulatory Function (SelfReg), a new rating scale that has been specifically designed for this age group. As expected, children with ADHD rated themselves significantly more dysfunctional than control children. In most domains, self-ratings of children with ADHD did not diverge from parent and teacher ratings to a greater extent than self-ratings of control children, although overall results indicated a moderate tendency toward a positive bias. When a cluster analysis based on discrepancies between children’s and adults’ evaluations was carried out, three groups with different self-rating patterns emerged: A “positive bias” group containing exclusively children with ADHD, a “negative bias” group containing both children with ADHD and control children, and the largest group of accurate self-raters which also included children from both diagnostic groups. It is concluded that overly positive self-judgments are not a ubiquitous finding in ADHD, but may be confined to a specific subgroup of children whose specific characteristics remain to be determined.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Clinical Psychology
Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Keywords Attention deficit - Hyperactivity disorder - ADHD - Self-perception - Self-regulation - Positive illusory bias - Self-report - Metacognition
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:01 Feb 2011 19:01
Last Modified:30 Jul 2020 00:28
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1866-6116
Additional Information:From the issue entitled "Special Issue dedicated to Professor Warnke"
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12402-010-0043-x

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