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被笑恐懼相關特質的測量與 信度及效度之評估


Chen, H C; Chan, Y C; Ruch, Willibald; Proyer, Rene T (2011). 被笑恐懼相關特質的測量與 信度及效度之評估. Psychological Testing, 58(1):119-145.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a traditional Chinese version (PhoPhiKat-TC Scale) of Ruch and Proyer’s PhoPhiKat-45 scale for the assessment of gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism in Taiwan. The original English version of the PhoPhiKat-45 was first translated into Chinese, and this Chinese translation was then back-translated into English. Using non-random stratified sampling, the instrument was administered to first to fourth year Taiwanese undergraduate students. Results of an item analysis of a pilot study with 253 participants suggested that the items were satisfactory. The scale was then administered to a larger sample (N = 1,369) and the results were used to assess reliability and construct validity. The reliability tests for the PhoPhiKat-TC subscales yielded impressive values. The Cronbach’s coefficients were .85, .85 and .85, and the test-retest reliabilities were .92, .94, .87 respectively. The three factors showed good composite reliability and average variance extracted. Goodness-of-fit indices and confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence for the construct validity of the scale. A comparison of PhoPhiKat-TC results with measures of humor styles, aggressive behavior, personality, attachment styles, and self-esteem found further evidence for the discriminant validity of the instrument. The authors conclude that the PhoPhiKat-TC is a valid and reliable instrument, which is original, innovative and has valuable potential applications. Its development could enable further cross-cultural comparisons between individualistic and collectivistic cultures. It has made possible a fruitful research exchange which is currently underway and which promises to contribute to a greater understanding of the role of humor, humorlessness, and laughter. Finally, the index of the PhoPhiKat-TC can be used to aid interpretation of results for counseling or therapy.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a traditional Chinese version (PhoPhiKat-TC Scale) of Ruch and Proyer’s PhoPhiKat-45 scale for the assessment of gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism in Taiwan. The original English version of the PhoPhiKat-45 was first translated into Chinese, and this Chinese translation was then back-translated into English. Using non-random stratified sampling, the instrument was administered to first to fourth year Taiwanese undergraduate students. Results of an item analysis of a pilot study with 253 participants suggested that the items were satisfactory. The scale was then administered to a larger sample (N = 1,369) and the results were used to assess reliability and construct validity. The reliability tests for the PhoPhiKat-TC subscales yielded impressive values. The Cronbach’s coefficients were .85, .85 and .85, and the test-retest reliabilities were .92, .94, .87 respectively. The three factors showed good composite reliability and average variance extracted. Goodness-of-fit indices and confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence for the construct validity of the scale. A comparison of PhoPhiKat-TC results with measures of humor styles, aggressive behavior, personality, attachment styles, and self-esteem found further evidence for the discriminant validity of the instrument. The authors conclude that the PhoPhiKat-TC is a valid and reliable instrument, which is original, innovative and has valuable potential applications. Its development could enable further cross-cultural comparisons between individualistic and collectivistic cultures. It has made possible a fruitful research exchange which is currently underway and which promises to contribute to a greater understanding of the role of humor, humorlessness, and laughter. Finally, the index of the PhoPhiKat-TC can be used to aid interpretation of results for counseling or therapy.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Evaluating the reliability and validity of a traditional chinese version of the PhoPhiKat-45
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Horticulture
Language:Chinese
Date:2011
Deposited On:06 Apr 2011 11:50
Last Modified:20 Aug 2021 07:42
Publisher:Chinese Association of Psychological Testing
ISSN:1609-4905
OA Status:Closed

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