In this chapter, we discuss the current understanding of the possible epigenetics changes that occur in rheumatoid arthritis. In particular, we describe that deregulation ofDNA methylation and histone modifications can occur in the immune system and lead to rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, we discuss the role of rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts in autoimmunity. Examples of changes in DNA methylation and histone modification occurring in synovial fibroblasts during the disease process are reviewed in this chapter. In conclusion, we discuss the possible use of epigenetic therapy and describe future experiments that can elucidate further the epigenetic changes observed in the disease.