Background: Evidence from some, but not all non-randomised studies suggest the possibility that cognitive training may influence cognitive functioning in older people. Due to the differences among cognitive training interventions reported in the literature, giving a general overview of the current literature remains difficult.
Objectives: To systematically review the literature and summarize the effect of cognitive training interventions on various domains of cognitive function (ie memory, executive function, attention and speed) in healthy older people and in people with mild cognitive impairment.
Search strategy: The CDCIG Specialized Register was searched on 30 September 2007 for all years up to December 2005. The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched separately on 30 September 2007 to find trials with healthy people. These results were supplemented by searches from January 1970 to September 2007 in PsychInfo/Psyndex, ISIWeb of Knowledge and PubMed.
Selection criteria: RCTs of interventions evaluating the effectiveness of cognitive training for healthy older people and people with mild cognitive
impairment from 1970 to 2007 that met inclusion criteria were selected.
Data collection and analysis: Authors independently extracted data and assessed trial quality. Meta-analysis was performed when appropriate.