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The effect of 1,000 km nonstop cycling on fat mass and skeletal muscle mass


Knechtle, B; Knechtle, P; Kohler, G (2011). The effect of 1,000 km nonstop cycling on fat mass and skeletal muscle mass. Research in Sports Medicine, 19(3):170-185.

Abstract

We evaluated the change in body mass including fat mass and skeletal muscle mass in one ultracyclist whilst cycling 1,000 km in 48 hours at a constant intensity of ∼48% VO(2)max, corresponding to a heart rate frequency of ∼105 ± 5 bpm. A 1 kg fat mass decrease resulted, with the largest decrease occurring between the 12th and the 24th hour. No steady state in metabolism was observed and no regular decrease of subcutaneous adipose tissue resulted. This result is backed up by the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) urine analysis. Body water increase with simultaneous dehydration is possibly due to endocrine-induced renal water retention, in order to maintain metabolism processes that are required for energy supply and blood flow during very prolonged exercise. Both applied methods, the anthropometric and the bioelectrical impedance analysis, analyse fluid accumulation-especially in the skinfolds of the lower extremities-apparently incorrectly as an increase in body mass and not as an increase in fluids.

Abstract

We evaluated the change in body mass including fat mass and skeletal muscle mass in one ultracyclist whilst cycling 1,000 km in 48 hours at a constant intensity of ∼48% VO(2)max, corresponding to a heart rate frequency of ∼105 ± 5 bpm. A 1 kg fat mass decrease resulted, with the largest decrease occurring between the 12th and the 24th hour. No steady state in metabolism was observed and no regular decrease of subcutaneous adipose tissue resulted. This result is backed up by the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) urine analysis. Body water increase with simultaneous dehydration is possibly due to endocrine-induced renal water retention, in order to maintain metabolism processes that are required for energy supply and blood flow during very prolonged exercise. Both applied methods, the anthropometric and the bioelectrical impedance analysis, analyse fluid accumulation-especially in the skinfolds of the lower extremities-apparently incorrectly as an increase in body mass and not as an increase in fluids.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation, Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:19 Aug 2011 13:16
Last Modified:18 Aug 2018 00:30
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1543-8627
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2011.582827
PubMed ID:21722005

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