The transcriptomic and proteomic techniques presented in part I (Functional Genomics meets neurodegenerative disorders. Part I: transcriptomic and proteomic technology) of this back-to-back review have been applied to a range of neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease (HD), Prion diseases (PrD), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease (AD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Samples have been derived either from human brain and cerebrospinal fluid, tissue culture cells or brains and spinal cord of experimental animal models. With the availability of huge data sets it will firstly be a major challenge to extract meaningful information and secondly, not to obtain contradicting results when data are collected in parallel from the same source of biological specimen using different techniques. Reliability of the data highly depends on proper normalization and validation both of which are discussed together with an outlook on developments that can be anticipated in the future and are expected to fuel the field. The new insight undoubtedly will lead to a redefinition and subdivision of disease entities based on biochemical criteria rather than the clinical presentation. This will have important implications for treatment strategies.