Ventilation-induced arterial pressure variation predicts volume responsiveness in adults. Several factors are known to influence the interpretability of these variations. We analysed ventilation-induced variations in critically ill children with reference to ventilatory and circulatory parameters.
We prospectively included 20 paediatric patients. Variation of systolic pressure (SPV), pulse pressure (PPV) and central venous pressure (CVP) were assessed during pressure-controlled ventilation with inspiratory pressures (P(insp)) of 20 and 28 cmH(2)O. Blood gases were analysed and echocardiography was performed.
SPV, PPV and CVP variation significantly increased with elevated P(insp) (p < 0.001, p = 0.008 and p = 0.003). Baseline CVP and shortening fraction were significant negative predictors of PPV and SPV.
This preliminary study identified P(insp) as a determinant of SPV, PPV and CVP variation in children. Further independent determinants of SPV and PPV were baseline CVP and ventricular performance, both of which must be considered when interpreting pressure variations.