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A weakly random Universe?


Gurzadyan, V G; Allahverdyan, A E; Ghahramanyan, T; Kashin, A L; Khachatryan, H G; Kocharyan, A A; Mirzoyan, S; Poghosian, E; Vetrugno, D; Yegorian, G (2011). A weakly random Universe? Astronomy & Astrophysics, 525:L7.

Abstract

Cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation is characterized by well-established scales, the 2.7 K temperature of the Planckian spectrum and the 10-5 amplitude of the temperature anisotropy. These features were instrumental in indicating the hot and equilibrium phases of the early history of the Universe and its large-scale isotropy, respectively. We now reveal one more intrinsic scale in CMB properties. We introduce a method developed originally by Kolmogorov, which quantifies a degree of randomness (chaos) in a set of numbers, such as measurements of the CMB temperature in a given region. Considering CMB as a composition of random and regular signals, we solve the inverse problem of recovering of their mutual fractions from the temperature sky maps. Deriving the empirical Kolmogorov's function in the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe's maps, we obtain the fraction of the random signal to be about 20 per cent; i.e., the cosmological sky is a weakly random one. The paper is dedicated to the memory of Vladimir Arnold (1937-2010).

Abstract

Cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation is characterized by well-established scales, the 2.7 K temperature of the Planckian spectrum and the 10-5 amplitude of the temperature anisotropy. These features were instrumental in indicating the hot and equilibrium phases of the early history of the Universe and its large-scale isotropy, respectively. We now reveal one more intrinsic scale in CMB properties. We introduce a method developed originally by Kolmogorov, which quantifies a degree of randomness (chaos) in a set of numbers, such as measurements of the CMB temperature in a given region. Considering CMB as a composition of random and regular signals, we solve the inverse problem of recovering of their mutual fractions from the temperature sky maps. Deriving the empirical Kolmogorov's function in the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe's maps, we obtain the fraction of the random signal to be about 20 per cent; i.e., the cosmological sky is a weakly random one. The paper is dedicated to the memory of Vladimir Arnold (1937-2010).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute for Computational Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Astronomy and Astrophysics
Physical Sciences > Space and Planetary Science
Language:English
Date:January 2011
Deposited On:19 Feb 2012 17:04
Last Modified:19 Jul 2024 03:30
Publisher:EDP Sciences
ISSN:0004-6361 (P) 1432-0746 (E)
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201016012
Related URLs:http://arxiv.org/abs/1011.3711
  • Content: Accepted Version
  • Description: Version 2
  • Content: Accepted Version
  • Description: Version 1