OBJECTIVES: The present work illustrates the current state of image quality and diagnostic accuracy in a new hybrid BrainPET/MR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 patients with intracranial masses, head and upper neck tumors or neurodegenerative diseases were examined with a hybrid BrainPET/MR consisting of a conventional 3T MR system and an MR-compatible PET insert. Directly before PET/MR, all patients underwent a PET/CT examination with either [(18)F]-FDG, [(11)C]-methionine or [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC. In addition to anatomical MR scans, functional sequences were performed including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), arterial spin labeling (ASL) and proton-spectroscopy. Image quality score of MR imaging was evaluated using a 4-point-scale. PET data quality was assessed by evaluating FDG-uptake and tumor delineation with [(11)C]-methionine and [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC. FDG uptake quantification accuracy was evaluated by means of ROI analysis (right and left frontal and temporo-occipital lobes). The asymmetry indices and ratios between frontal and occipital ROIs were compared. RESULTS: In 45/50 patients, PET/MR examination was successful. Visual analysis revealed a diagnostic image quality of anatomical MR imaging (mean quality score T2 FSE: 1.27±0.54; FLAIR: 1.38±0.61). ASL and proton-spectroscopy was possible in all cases. In DTI, dental artifacts lead to one non-diagnostic dataset (mean quality score DTI: 1.32±0.69; ASL: 1.10±0.31). PET datasets of PET/MR and PET/CT offered comparable tumor delineation with [(11)C]-methionine; additional lesions were found in 2/8 [(68)Ga]-DOTATOC-PET in the PET/MR. Mean asymmetry index revealed a high accordance between PET/MR and PET/CT (1.5±2.2% vs. 0.9±3.6%; mean ratio (frontal/parieto-occipital) 0.93±0.08 vs. 0.96±0.05), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The hybrid BrainPET/MR allows for molecular, anatomical and functional imaging with uncompromised MR image quality and a high accordance of PET results between PET/MR and PET/CT. These results justify the application of this technique in further clinical studies and may contribute to the transfer into whole-body PET/MR systems.