BACKGROUND: In human patients with interstitial cystitis, intravesical instillation of alkalinized lidocaine sometimes is associated with sustained amelioration of symptoms beyond the acute treatment phase. Interstitial cystitis shares many features in common with feline idiopathic cystitis.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether intravesical instillation of alkalinized lidocaine decreases recurrence of urethral obstruction and severity of clinical signs in cats with obstructive idiopathic LUTD.
ANIMALS: Twenty-six cats with obstructive idiopathic LUTD. Twelve cats in case group (treatment with alkalinized lidocaine) and 14 control cats (treatment with placebo or standard treatment).
METHODS: Cats were randomly assigned to treatment (2 or 4 mg/kg lidocaine and sodium bicarbonate) or placebo groups (0.2 mL/kg saline solution and sodium bicarbonate). The intravesical instillation was done once a day for 3 days. Some cats underwent standard treatment only (indwelling urinary catheter for 3 days without intravesical instillations). A 2-week, 1-month, and 2-month follow-up after treatment was made using a questionnaire. The recurrence rate and amelioration scores of clinical signs were assessed and compared.
RESULTS: Recurrence of urethral obstruction was 58% (7/12) in the case group and 57% (8/14) in the control group. Amelioration scores were similar between the 2 groups.
CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Intravesical administration of lidocaine for up to 3 consecutive days had no apparent beneficial effect on decreasing recurrence rate and severity of clinical signs in cats with obstructive idiopathic LUTD.