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Palynology of the Lower Triassic succession of Tulong, South Tibet — Evidence for early recovery of gymnosperms


Schneebeli-Hermann, E; Hochuli, P A; Bucher, H; Goudemand, N; Brühwiler, T; Galfetti, T (2012). Palynology of the Lower Triassic succession of Tulong, South Tibet — Evidence for early recovery of gymnosperms. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 339-341:12-24.

Abstract

The thermally altered but otherwise well preserved Early Triassic palynomorphs from the Tulong area (South Tibet) allowed for qualitative and quantitative analyses and the differentiation of two distinct palynofloras, a Smithian lycopod-dominated flora and a Spathian gymnosperm-dominated flora. This suggests that gymnosperm vegetation recovered about 2 Ma after the end-Permian event on the subtropical North Indian Margin. Together with previously described successions from Pakistan, Australia, and Norway the new palynofloral record suggests an earlier establishment of diverse, gymnosperm-rich plant communities after the end-Permian event than previously proposed. The observed change in the ratio of the two major plant groups (pteridophytes/gymnosperms) in these two assemblages supports the global extent of a major climate change near the Smithian–Spathian boundary. The observed palynofloral patterns are closely related to the changes in the carbon isotope record, which suggests that the floral recovery dynamics were linked to environmental conditions.

Abstract

The thermally altered but otherwise well preserved Early Triassic palynomorphs from the Tulong area (South Tibet) allowed for qualitative and quantitative analyses and the differentiation of two distinct palynofloras, a Smithian lycopod-dominated flora and a Spathian gymnosperm-dominated flora. This suggests that gymnosperm vegetation recovered about 2 Ma after the end-Permian event on the subtropical North Indian Margin. Together with previously described successions from Pakistan, Australia, and Norway the new palynofloral record suggests an earlier establishment of diverse, gymnosperm-rich plant communities after the end-Permian event than previously proposed. The observed change in the ratio of the two major plant groups (pteridophytes/gymnosperms) in these two assemblages supports the global extent of a major climate change near the Smithian–Spathian boundary. The observed palynofloral patterns are closely related to the changes in the carbon isotope record, which suggests that the floral recovery dynamics were linked to environmental conditions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Paleontological Institute and Museum
Dewey Decimal Classification:560 Fossils & prehistoric life
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Oceanography
Life Sciences > Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Physical Sciences > Earth-Surface Processes
Physical Sciences > Paleontology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:22 Jun 2012 09:04
Last Modified:30 Jul 2020 05:23
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0031-0182
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.04.010

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