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C-arm flat-panel CT arthrography of the wrist and elbow: first experiences in human cadavers


Guggenberger, Roman; Morsbach, Fabian; Alkadhi, Hatem; Vich, Magdalena; Pfammatter, Thomas; Hodler, Juerg; Andreisek, Gustav (2013). C-arm flat-panel CT arthrography of the wrist and elbow: first experiences in human cadavers. Skeletal Radiology, 42(3):419-429.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal intra-articular iodine concentration for C-arm flat-panel computed tomography (FPCT) arthrography using advanced joint phantoms and to evaluate its application in human cadaveric wrists and elbows. Multi-detector (MD) CT served as the standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Joint phantoms and 10 human cadaveric wrist and elbow joints were scanned with C-arm FPCT (5-s, 8-s, and 20-s runs) and standard MDCT using different and optimal concentrations of iodinated contrast material. CT numbers of contrast material, tissue, and noise were measured and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) calculated for quantitative analysis. Image and depiction of cartilage, bone, and soft tissues were rated. Radiation doses were compared. RESULTS: In FPCT, iodine concentrations positively correlated with CT numbers and noise of contrast material and with radiation dose (r = 0.713-0.996, p < 0.05 each). At an iodine concentration of 45 mg/ml, CNR of cartilage and soft tissues were highest for all FPCT acquisitions and higher than in MDCT. The 20-s FPCT run performed best for image quality and depiction of anatomical structures and was rated overall equal to MDCT (p = 0.857). CONCLUSION: The optimal iodine concentration for C-arm FPCT arthrography in this study is 45 mg/ml, leading to superior CNR and image quality for an optimal FPCT protocol compared with standard MDCT arthrography in human cadaveric joints.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal intra-articular iodine concentration for C-arm flat-panel computed tomography (FPCT) arthrography using advanced joint phantoms and to evaluate its application in human cadaveric wrists and elbows. Multi-detector (MD) CT served as the standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Joint phantoms and 10 human cadaveric wrist and elbow joints were scanned with C-arm FPCT (5-s, 8-s, and 20-s runs) and standard MDCT using different and optimal concentrations of iodinated contrast material. CT numbers of contrast material, tissue, and noise were measured and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) calculated for quantitative analysis. Image and depiction of cartilage, bone, and soft tissues were rated. Radiation doses were compared. RESULTS: In FPCT, iodine concentrations positively correlated with CT numbers and noise of contrast material and with radiation dose (r = 0.713-0.996, p < 0.05 each). At an iodine concentration of 45 mg/ml, CNR of cartilage and soft tissues were highest for all FPCT acquisitions and higher than in MDCT. The 20-s FPCT run performed best for image quality and depiction of anatomical structures and was rated overall equal to MDCT (p = 0.857). CONCLUSION: The optimal iodine concentration for C-arm FPCT arthrography in this study is 45 mg/ml, leading to superior CNR and image quality for an optimal FPCT protocol compared with standard MDCT arthrography in human cadaveric joints.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:04 Sep 2012 12:48
Last Modified:30 Jul 2020 05:42
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0364-2348
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00256-012-1501-7
PubMed ID:22926680

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