The body of a 59 year old woman underwent postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) examination prior to forensic autopsy, using a 256 slice multidetector row computed tomography scanner. A large left tension pneumothorax detected on the PMCT was considered to be a likely cause of death and this was confirmed at autopsy. In addition there was an unsuspected PMCT finding of a probable gunshot injury traversing the right orbit, facial bones and frontal sinus. The autopsy technique was adjusted accordingly and PMCT findings confirmed. PMCT in this case was not only diagnostic of cause of death, but also revealed retained projectile fragments of an old gunshot wound to the face. Without prior imaging such findings would have been undetected at autopsy. This case further underscores the contribution of routine PMCT examination to forensic autopsy practice.