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Linking brain structure and activation in temporoparietal junction to explain the neurobiology of human altruism


Morishima, Yosuke; Schunk, Daniel; Bruhin, Adrian; Ruff, Christian C; Fehr, Ernst (2012). Linking brain structure and activation in temporoparietal junction to explain the neurobiology of human altruism. Neuron, 75(1):73-79.

Abstract

Human altruism shaped our evolutionary history and pervades social and political life. There are,however, enormous individual differences in altruism. Some people are almost completely selfish,while others display strong altruism, and the factors behind this heterogeneity are only poorlyunderstood. We examine the neuroanatomical basis of these differences with voxel-basedmorphometry and show that gray matter (GM) volume in the right temporoparietal junction (TPJ)is strongly associated with both individuals' altruism and the individual-specific conditions underwhich this brain region is recruited during altruistic decision making. Thus, individual differencesin GM volume in TPJ not only translate into individual differences in the general propensity tobehave altruistically, but they also create a link between brain structure and brain function byindicating the conditions under which indi

Abstract

Human altruism shaped our evolutionary history and pervades social and political life. There are,however, enormous individual differences in altruism. Some people are almost completely selfish,while others display strong altruism, and the factors behind this heterogeneity are only poorlyunderstood. We examine the neuroanatomical basis of these differences with voxel-basedmorphometry and show that gray matter (GM) volume in the right temporoparietal junction (TPJ)is strongly associated with both individuals' altruism and the individual-specific conditions underwhich this brain region is recruited during altruistic decision making. Thus, individual differencesin GM volume in TPJ not only translate into individual differences in the general propensity tobehave altruistically, but they also create a link between brain structure and brain function byindicating the conditions under which indi

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:20 Sep 2012 10:57
Last Modified:23 Sep 2018 05:27
Publisher:Cell Press
ISSN:0896-6273
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2012.05.021
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:7257

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