A baby girl, born at term, presented with severe cyanosis and received oxygen supplementation. Consecutive arterial blood gas analysis showed a pronounced right shift of the saturation curve, suggesting the presence of a hemoglobin (Hb) variant. A new (G)γ-globin variant was detected, namely HBG2:c.308G, which we have named Hb F-Sarajevo, the city from where the baby's parents originate. This A to C transversion exists in cis to the common (A)γ(T) and the resulting mutant Hb molecule exhibits very low oxygen affinity and cooperativity. Its analogue in the β-globin gene is Hb Kansas [β102(G4)Asn→Thr, AAC>ACC].