The first total synthesis of Hypomurocin A1 (HM A1) in solution phase is described. As members of the peptaibol family, hypomurocins are constituted by two groups of peptides: six undecapeptides (undecamers) in the HM A group and six octadecapeptides (18-mers) in the HM B group. The synthesis presented has been successfully achieved by the 'azirine/oxazolone method' to introduce the two Aib-Pro sequences included in this undecapeptaibol in one step with methyl 2,2-dimethyl-2H-azirine-3-prolinate as the building block. The coupling reactions of the Z-protected amino acids or peptide acids involved the use of N,N,N ,N -tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate (TBTU) and 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HOBt), and led to the peptides in good-to-very-good yields. The peptides were purified by reverse-phase HPLC and characterized by NMR spectroscopy (1H, 13C, COSY, TOCSY, HSQC, HMBC, ROESY), ESI-MS, IR, elemental analysis, optical rotation, and X-ray crystallography. An NMR analysis of HM A1 was also carried out in deuterated micelles to perform a structural comparison of the helix in solution and in membranes.