Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease of the joints that affects several million individuals worldwide. This disease, which involves mainly the diarthrodial joints, is chronic and develops slowly over decades, making it very difficult to precisely identify the different etiological and risk factors that influence its onset. At present, most therapies for OA are symptomatic. This review will focus on new OA therapeutics in development that are directed toward pain relief as well as others with the potential to reduce or stop the progression of the disease (DMOADs). This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Osteoarthritis".