INTRODUCTION: Papillary tumors of the pineal region (PTPR) are rare brain tumors characterized by frequent local recurrences. Standardized treatment strategies are not yet defined. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 3-year-old girl diagnosed with PTPR. Due to her young age, adjuvant radiotherapy was omitted after gross total tumor resection. Thirty-six months later, local tumor recurrence occurred. Considering the possible risks of secondary surgery, the recurrent tumor was irradiated with proton radiotherapy. Three months later, the tumor showed near-complete remission. DISCUSSION: Based on this experience and other pediatric case reports from the literature, local radiotherapy might be suggested also after complete tumor resection.