OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate primary sutureless repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) in neonates using a modified technique that minimizes hypothermia and circulatory arrest times. METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, seven consecutive patients underwent primary sutureless repair for the treatment of TAPVR, by which the prepared posterior pericardium was sutured to an opening in the left atrium. Three patients had the obstructed infracardiac type, and four patients had the unobstructed supracardiac type of TAPVR. Moderate hypothermia was used in all patients with a median temperature of 28°C (26-32). Circulatory arrest was not used except for the opening of the collector, which lasted between 3 and 5 min. The connecting vein was ligated in all seven patients (five during repair and two early postoperatively). The follow-up was 100% complete, with a median duration of 652 (range 370-1023) days. RESULTS: There was no operative mortality and no late death. No patient required reoperation. Postoperative echocardiography showed unobstructed pulmonary venous flow in all patients. Recurrent pulmonary venous stenosis was not seen during the follow-up in any patient. CONCLUSIONS: The sutureless technique is an effective technique with potential advantages even for the primary correction of TAPVR. With the described technique, the need for circulatory arrest is substantially reduced. Not handling the pulmonary venous collector by avoiding a direct anastomosis may contribute to better compliance, better growth and the absence of subsequent stenosis.