Although urinary incontinence affects one in three women, it is still a taboo topic. Today, effective conservative and surgical treatment options are available. When conservative therapies fail, minimally invasive surgical methods can be offered. The tension-free vaginal tape TVT is gold standard in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. In case of immobile urethra or in multi-morbid patients, the minimally invasive technique of periurethral injection of bulking agents may be useful. In patients with refractory overactive bladder, the intravesical injection of botulinum neurotoxin is available.