 # Fragmentation energy

Bertoin, Jean; Martinez, S (2005). Fragmentation energy. Advances in Applied Probability, 37(2):553-570.

## Abstract

Motivated by a problem arising in the mining industry, we estimate the energy E(η) that is needed to reduce a unit mass to fragments of size at most η in a fragmentation process, when η→0. We assume that the energy used in the instantaneous dislocation of a block of size s into a set of fragments (s1,s2,...) is sβφ(s1/s,s2/s,...), where φ is some cost function and β a positive parameter. Roughly, our main result shows that if α>0 is the Malthusian parameter of an underlying Crump-Mode-Jagers branching process (with α = 1 when the fragmentation is mass-conservative), then there exists a c∈(0,∞) such that E(η)∼cηβ-α when β<α. We also obtain a limit theorem for the empirical distribution of fragments of size less than η that result from the process. In the discrete setting, the approach relies on results of Nerman for general branching processes; the continuous approach follows by considering discrete skeletons. In the continuous setting, we also provide a direct approach that circumvents restrictions induced by the discretization.

## Abstract

Motivated by a problem arising in the mining industry, we estimate the energy E(η) that is needed to reduce a unit mass to fragments of size at most η in a fragmentation process, when η→0. We assume that the energy used in the instantaneous dislocation of a block of size s into a set of fragments (s1,s2,...) is sβφ(s1/s,s2/s,...), where φ is some cost function and β a positive parameter. Roughly, our main result shows that if α>0 is the Malthusian parameter of an underlying Crump-Mode-Jagers branching process (with α = 1 when the fragmentation is mass-conservative), then there exists a c∈(0,∞) such that E(η)∼cηβ-α when β<α. We also obtain a limit theorem for the empirical distribution of fragments of size less than η that result from the process. In the discrete setting, the approach relies on results of Nerman for general branching processes; the continuous approach follows by considering discrete skeletons. In the continuous setting, we also provide a direct approach that circumvents restrictions induced by the discretization.

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