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Serological detection of circulating angiostrongylus vasorum antigen- and parasite-specific antibodies in dogs from poland


Schnyder, Manuela; Schaper, Roland; Pantchev, Nikola; Kowalska, Dagmara; Szwedko, Aleksandra; Deplazes, Peter (2013). Serological detection of circulating angiostrongylus vasorum antigen- and parasite-specific antibodies in dogs from poland. Parasitology research, 112:S109-S117.

Abstract

Dogs infected with Angiostrongylus vasorum, a potentially lethal parasite living in the heart and pulmonary arteries, may present severe respiratory and neurological sings and coagulopathies. Its occurrence is increasingly reported from various European countries, but little is known about its presence in Poland. In this first large-scale survey, 3,345 sera from polish dogs attending veterinary clinics in different parts of Poland for various reasons were collected and tested by an ELISA for the detection of circulating antigen of A. vasorum and by a separate ELISA detecting specific antibodies. A total of 0.51 % (n = 17, 95% Confidence Intervals, CI: 0.30–0.81 %) of the animals were positive in both ELISAs, while 0.78 % (n = 26, CI: 0.51–1.14 %) of the tested dogs were antigen-positive only and 1.29 % (n = 43, CI: 0.93–1.73 %) were positive for specific antibodies only. Regions with antigen- and antibody-positive animals were overlapping and distributed over the whole area of the country, with approximately one third of positives close to the Baltic Sea, and a limited number of cases close to the German border. These results confirm the occurrence of A. vasorum in dogs originating from different parts of Poland. A. vasorum serology presents significant advantages (diagnosis before patency, single serum sample instead of repeated faecal samples, rapidity and affordability particularly in case of large number of samples), and it can be considered a valid alternative for diagnosis in individuals and in epidemiological studies.

Abstract

Dogs infected with Angiostrongylus vasorum, a potentially lethal parasite living in the heart and pulmonary arteries, may present severe respiratory and neurological sings and coagulopathies. Its occurrence is increasingly reported from various European countries, but little is known about its presence in Poland. In this first large-scale survey, 3,345 sera from polish dogs attending veterinary clinics in different parts of Poland for various reasons were collected and tested by an ELISA for the detection of circulating antigen of A. vasorum and by a separate ELISA detecting specific antibodies. A total of 0.51 % (n = 17, 95% Confidence Intervals, CI: 0.30–0.81 %) of the animals were positive in both ELISAs, while 0.78 % (n = 26, CI: 0.51–1.14 %) of the tested dogs were antigen-positive only and 1.29 % (n = 43, CI: 0.93–1.73 %) were positive for specific antibodies only. Regions with antigen- and antibody-positive animals were overlapping and distributed over the whole area of the country, with approximately one third of positives close to the Baltic Sea, and a limited number of cases close to the German border. These results confirm the occurrence of A. vasorum in dogs originating from different parts of Poland. A. vasorum serology presents significant advantages (diagnosis before patency, single serum sample instead of repeated faecal samples, rapidity and affordability particularly in case of large number of samples), and it can be considered a valid alternative for diagnosis in individuals and in epidemiological studies.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Parasitology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Parasitology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
600 Technology
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:03 Jul 2013 14:47
Last Modified:22 Sep 2018 03:04
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0932-0113
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-013-3285-7
PubMed ID:23779223

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