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"Push-pull" effects in nitroethenamines


Linden, Anthony; Moya Argilagos, Dally; Heimgartner, Heinz; Garcia Trimino, Maria I; Macias Cabrera, Arturo (1999). "Push-pull" effects in nitroethenamines. Acta Crystallographica. Section C: Crystal Structure Communications, 55:1692-1698.

Abstract

(E)-N-methyl-1-(methylthio)-2-nitroethenamine, C4H8N2O2S, is a near-planar molecule with significant pi-electron delocalization from the ethylene bond into the enamine C-N bond. In the two nitrothioacrylamide derivatives, N-benzoyl-3,3-bis(methylamino)-2-nitrothioacrylamide, C12HI4N4O3S, and N-cinnamoyl-3,3-bis(dimethylamino)-2-nitrothioacrylamide, C16H20N4O3S, the formal ethylene bond has single-bond properties with a length of about 1.49 A, while the magnitudes of the torsion angles about this bond approach 90°. The enamine N-C bonds have significant double-bond character and there is significant electron delocalization in the nitrothioacryl moiety of each molecule. These compounds can be described as 'push-pull' ethylenes rather than as enamines and are best represented by a zwitterionic formulation in which the charges are accumulated near the opposite ends of the ethylene bond. A strong intramolecular hydrogen bond involving the amide and nitro groups in each compound maintains a rigid conformation, which may explain why these compounds will not undergo cyclization reactions to the corresponding thioxopyrimidines. S-Methyl N-benzoyl-3-(N-methyl-N- phenylamino)-2-nitro-3-(phenylamino)thioacrylimidate, C24H22N4O3S, exhibits similar 'push-pull' characteristics, but the absence of an intramolecular hydrogen bond gives the molecule flexibility and enables it to adopt a conformation in which it undergoes a cyclization reaction to the corresponding nitropyrimidine.

Abstract

(E)-N-methyl-1-(methylthio)-2-nitroethenamine, C4H8N2O2S, is a near-planar molecule with significant pi-electron delocalization from the ethylene bond into the enamine C-N bond. In the two nitrothioacrylamide derivatives, N-benzoyl-3,3-bis(methylamino)-2-nitrothioacrylamide, C12HI4N4O3S, and N-cinnamoyl-3,3-bis(dimethylamino)-2-nitrothioacrylamide, C16H20N4O3S, the formal ethylene bond has single-bond properties with a length of about 1.49 A, while the magnitudes of the torsion angles about this bond approach 90°. The enamine N-C bonds have significant double-bond character and there is significant electron delocalization in the nitrothioacryl moiety of each molecule. These compounds can be described as 'push-pull' ethylenes rather than as enamines and are best represented by a zwitterionic formulation in which the charges are accumulated near the opposite ends of the ethylene bond. A strong intramolecular hydrogen bond involving the amide and nitro groups in each compound maintains a rigid conformation, which may explain why these compounds will not undergo cyclization reactions to the corresponding thioxopyrimidines. S-Methyl N-benzoyl-3-(N-methyl-N- phenylamino)-2-nitro-3-(phenylamino)thioacrylimidate, C24H22N4O3S, exhibits similar 'push-pull' characteristics, but the absence of an intramolecular hydrogen bond gives the molecule flexibility and enables it to adopt a conformation in which it undergoes a cyclization reaction to the corresponding nitropyrimidine.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:1999
Deposited On:05 Nov 2013 16:28
Last Modified:18 Apr 2018 11:44
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0108-2701
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel, Swiss Federal Government (Bundesstipendium)
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108270199006861
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project TitleSwiss National Science Foundation
  • : Funder
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project TitleF. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel
  • : Funder
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project TitleSwiss Federal Government (Bundesstipendium)

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