This paper gives an overview on reconstruction strategies after the tsunami disaster in the coastal fishery industry at the pacific coast of northern Japan (Sanriku). First, some general characteristics of Sanriku and her fisheries are outlined, followed by an overview of damage. The second part focusses on fishery reconstruction strategies and efforts by Miyagi prefecture and Iwate prefecture, respectively. Finally, the implementation of Special Zones for Fishery Reconstruction in Miyagi prefecture is discussed. It is argued that Tokku are meant as a mid- and long-term measure implemented in Miyagi’s reconstruction plans to tackle structural problems in the fishery sector (e.g. over-ageing) that were severe even before the 3/11 disaster struck.