4-Amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones from Boron Trifluoride Catalyzed Reactions of 3-Amino-2H-azirines with Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Reaction of 3-amino-2H-azirines 1 with ethyl 2-nitroacetate (6a) in refluxing MeCN affords 4-amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones 7 and 3,6-diamino-2,5-dihydropyrazines 8, the dimerization product of 1 (Scheme 2). Thus, 6a reacts with 1 as a CH-acidic compound by C-C bond formation via C-nucleophilic attack of deprotonated 6a onto the amidinium-C-atom of protonated 1 (Scheme 5). The scope of this reaction seems to be rather limited as 1 and 2-substituted 2-nitroacetates do not give any products besides the azirine dimer 8 (see Table 1). Sodium enolates of carboxylic esters and carboxamides 11 react with 1 under BF3 catalysis to give 4-amino-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-ones 12 in 50-80 % yield (Scheme 3, Table 2). In an analogous reaction, 3-amino-2H-pyrrole 13 is formed from 1c and the Li-enolate of acetophenone (Scheme 4). A reaction mechanism for the ring enlargement of 1 involving BF3 catalysis is proposed in Scheme 6.