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Bilateral diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis of the knee


Klammer, Georg; Betz, Michael; Delaloye, Barbara; Farshad, Mazda; Peter, Koch P (2013). Bilateral diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis of the knee. Journal of Knee Surgery, 26 Suppl:S067-71.

Abstract

Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a proliferative disease of synovial tissue characterized by lipid-laden macrophages, multinucleated giant cells, and hemosiderin deposits. PVNS presents either in a localized form with minimal rates of recurrence after surgical resection or in a diffuse form with an expansive growth pattern showing formation of osseous erosions and extra-articular manifestation. In the diffuse form high recurrence rates occur as a result of the challenge of achievement of total synovectomy. Typically only one single joint, being the knee in 80% of cases, is involved with diffuse PVNS. Reports of bi- or multiarticular manifestation are at best rare. Here, a case of a 16-year-old girl with bilateral diffuse PVNS of the knee allows discussion of diagnostic and treatment considerations.

Abstract

Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a proliferative disease of synovial tissue characterized by lipid-laden macrophages, multinucleated giant cells, and hemosiderin deposits. PVNS presents either in a localized form with minimal rates of recurrence after surgical resection or in a diffuse form with an expansive growth pattern showing formation of osseous erosions and extra-articular manifestation. In the diffuse form high recurrence rates occur as a result of the challenge of achievement of total synovectomy. Typically only one single joint, being the knee in 80% of cases, is involved with diffuse PVNS. Reports of bi- or multiarticular manifestation are at best rare. Here, a case of a 16-year-old girl with bilateral diffuse PVNS of the knee allows discussion of diagnostic and treatment considerations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:09 Dec 2013 07:49
Last Modified:27 Nov 2020 07:20
Publisher:Thieme Publishing
ISSN:1538-8506
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1313739
PubMed ID:23288770

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