OBJECTIVES: To give an overview of the impact of erosive conditions on the behavior of tooth-colored restoratives and performance of dental adhesives. METHODS: Acid-induced erosive lesions of enamel and dentin often need restorative procedures for rehabilitation. Nowadays, mostly tooth-colored restoratives (ceramics or resin composites), which are adhesively fixed to the dental substrate are used for this purpose. In some cases it might be necessary to seal the exposed dentin before achieving this goal in order to combat hypersensitivities and to protect those teeth from further erosive and abrasive loss. Moreover, it is conceivable that patients will fall back into their old "erosive behavior" after the application of restoratives. The following overview describes in how far intra-oral erosive conditions might affect the integrity of restorative materials, such as composite resins and ceramics, or of dentin sealants. Additionally, the use of erosively altered enamel and dentin as substrate for adhesive technologies is elucidated. RESULTS: In the literature, information of the behavior of tooth-colored restoratives under still persisting erosive conditions are limited and mostly based on in vitro-studies. There is information that the adhesion of dental adhesives to eroded dentin is compromised as compared to regular dentin. The impact of erosive conditions relevant for the oral cavity on ceramics and resin composites seems to be rather low, although only few clinical studies are available. SIGNIFICANCE: The review showed that erosive conditions might have only little impact on behavior of tooth-colored restorative materials, such as composites and ceramics. Dentin sealants also seem to be rather resistant against erosive conditions and might therefore serve as an intermediary treatment option for exposed dentin surfaces. The adhesion of dentin adhesives to eroded dentin might be increased by mechanical pre-treatment of the substrate, but needs further investigation.